What is Sensory Processing?
Sensory Processing (sometimes called "sensory integration" or SI) is a term that refers to the way the nervous system receives messages from the senses and turns them into appropriate motor and behavioral responses. It is how we process information from the world around us as well as what is going on inside of us to produce an appropriate behavioral response.
Self-regulation is the ability to control one’s thoughts, emotional responses, actions and level of alertness/attention. It can be influenced by several different factors including sensory processing.
Sensory input includes proprioception (input to the joints and muscles), vestibular input (inner ear balance system affected by movement of the head through space), auditory input, visual input, tactile (touch) input, and oral motor input.
No sensory system works in isolation from the others; there is a high degree of communication in the brain between systems and they are integrated seamlessly in good functioning. OT treatment can help a student who may be experiencing difficulty in one or more of these areas when it is impacting that child’s ability to perform within the classroom setting.